Manufacturers of telecommunications equipment, operators and regulators from particular countries are preparing to implement a large-scale 5G network. The 3GPP organization has already completed work on the first 5G NR standard, and previous tests show the great potential of the new technology. However, it has no chance of widespread use unless operators acquire rights to use new frequencies. Fortunately, the first auctions will take place this year.
5G technology is so universal that its operation is not dependent on a specific frequency band. It is true that the standard itself also provides for the possibility of using radio blocks that are currently used by 3G and 4G LTE networks. However, operators have a small amount of resources. The second problem is also that possible refarming would cause a drop in speed in LTE networks. At the beginning of the 5G device will be less popular, so such an operation would be unprofitable. What we saw at MWC 2018 in Barcelona, however, strengthened everyone’s belief that the first 5G networks will work on frequencies in the 3.5 GHz – 3.8 GHz and 26 GHz bands.
The first 5G auctions will be launched in Italy, Portugal and Australia
Italy is a country that is extremely proactive in the implementation of the 5G network. Therefore, the local radio regulator Agcom has already announced the first auctions for new frequency reservations. Speech is here with the 700 MHz, 3.6 – 3.8 GHz and 26.5 – 27.5 GHz bands, whose value is estimated at EUR 2.5 billion. Concessions would be valid until 2037.
In Portugal, however, public consultations regarding new frequencies have been launched. The local regulator wants to know the plans of operators and base station manufacturers regarding the emergence of a new technology network. The calls will concern frequencies in the 450 MHz, 900 MHz, 1500 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 3.6 GHz and 26 GHz bands. Some of them are used by older technologies. The consultations will end on April 19.
In turn, in Australia, a tender will be announced for a block with a width of 125 MHz from the 3.6 GHz band. However, here the situation is a little more complicated. The regulator will have to schedule the refarming of the 3.6 GHz band, because these frequencies are also used by satellite links.
Source: RCR Wireless